KHUTBAH – خطبة – BROTHERHOOD

O people! Be fearful of Allaah the Most High and know that brotherhood in the religion outranks relational brotherhood. Indeed Allaah orders brotherhood between the believers and Muslims, even if their lineages differ and their countries are distant.
Allaah the Most High says,

The believers are nothing else than brothers.” (Soorah al Hujaraat: 10)

And He has ordered with opposition towards the Kufaar regardless of how close their lineage is.

He the Most High says,

“O you who believe! Take not for Awliyaa (supporters) your fathers and your brothers if they prefer disbelief to Belief. And whoever of you does so, then he is one of the wrong-doers.” (Soorah at Tawbah: 23).

And there are great rights and noble benefits for this brotherhood between the Muslims and believers; Allaah and His Messenger sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam have clarified them in the Qur’aan and the Sunnaah. It is obligatory to observe and live by them, and it is not permissible to disregard and neglect them. From these rights and benefits is the obligation to reconcile between the Muslims when there occurs differentiation and disputes between them, or enmity and division occurs between them.  He the Most High says,

“And if two parties or groups among the believers fall to fighting, then make peace between them both, but if one of them rebels against the other, then fight you (all) against the one that which rebels till it complies with the Command of Allaah; then if it complies, then make reconciliation between them justly, and be equitable. Verily! Allaah loves those who are equitable. The believers are nothing else than brothers. So make reconciliation between your brothers, and fear Allaah, that you may receive mercy.” (Soorah al Hujurat : 10).

Also from the rights that Muslims have upon each other is respecting each other’s honor, and abstaining from lowering each other, form putting each other down and scarily from excommunicating doing takfeer of muslims.

Anas Ibn Malik qal samiatu rasuliAllaahi saws ya-qul :                                                                           “thalathun min aslil-iman, al-kaffu an man qala `la ilaha ill-Allah’, la tukaffiruhu bi-dhambin, wa laa tukhreejhu min al-Islam” ( Rawahu Abi Dawud hadeeth saheeh)

“the origin of faith is threefold: to leave alone those who say there is no deity but God alone, not to call him an unbeliever because of a sin, and not to bring him out of Islam.”

The one who does this is sinful and our lord is not fond of him or her for doing so.

“Every thing belonging to a Muslim is unlawful for another Muslim: his blood, his honor, and his property.” (Rawahu ibn majah hadeeth saheeh)

“None of you will have faith till he wishes, for his brother what he likes for himself.” (Rawahu bukhaari)

Allah ta’ala above his arsh says,

“O you who believe! Let not a group scoff at another group, it may be that the latter are better than the former; nor let (some) women scoff at other women, it may be that the latter are better than the former, nor defame one another, nor insult one another by nicknames. How bad is it, to insult one’s brother after having Faith. And whosoever does not repent, then such are indeed wrong-doers.” (Al-Hujurat :11).

Allaah (SWT) forbids the men and the women from ridiculing each other, for it may be that those that are being mocked are better than the mockers in this world and the hereafter. And mockery does not emanate except from the deficient. And Allaah has forbidden al-Lumz (slander), and He has forbidden insulting one another with al Alqaab (nicknames), and that is calling a person by a nickname that he has not been named with, and al Laqb is what hurts a person when he hears it.

And indeed mockery and slander and defamation with nicknames have been named sins by Allaah, and this is a proof of its repulsiveness and ugliness, and it is a proof of the obligation to stay distant from it.

And from the rights of brotherhood between the Muslims and the believers is that they refrain from unjustified suspicion in those affairs that are between them, and they refrain from spying on each other, and they refrain from backbiting each other.

He the Most High says,

“O you who believe! Avoid much suspicions, indeed some suspicions are sins.” (Soorah Al Hujaraat: 12).

And that is to suspect Ahlul Khayr of evil.

“And spy not” (Soorah Al Hujaraat:12).

At Tajassus (spying) is looking for the shortcomings of the people. Allaah has forbidden looking into what has been hidden from the shortcomings of the people and following the deficiencies of the people.

“Neither backbite one another.” (Soorah al Hujaraat: 12).

“Do not rejoice over the troubles of your brother, lest God might have mercy on him and involve you in this trouble.” (Rawahu tirmidhi hadeeth sahih)

2ND KHUTBAH

And from this brotherhood of Islam and Emaan, is helping one another upon righteousness and piety, and helping one another in achieving what is good for them and removing what is harmful to them.  He the Most High says,

Help you one another in al Birr and at Taqwa (virtue, righteousness and piety); but do not help one another in sin and transgression.” (Soorah al Ma’idah: 2).

And the Messenger sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam said,

“The likeness of the Muslims in their friendship, and their sympathy towards each other, and their mercy towards each other is like a single body. If a part of it suffers, the rest of the body is affected with sleeplessness and fever.”

So the Muslim is delighted with the happiness of his brother, and the pain of his brother hurts him. And from the rights of this brotherhood of Islam and Emaan is the giving of advice between the Muslims and ordering of good and forbidding evil.  Allah, the Most High says,

“The believers, men and women, are Awliyaa’ of one another, they enjoin al Ma’roof, and forbid from al Munkar; they perform as Salaat and give the Zakaat, and obey Allaah and His Messenger. Allaah will have His Mercy on them. Surely Allaah is All-Mighty, All-Wise.” (At-Tawbah :71).

And the Messenger sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam said three times,

The religion is Naseehah (sincerity).” It was said, “To whom O’ Messenger of Allaah?” He said, “To Allaah, to His book, to His Messenger, to the A’imma (Imaams) of the Muslims and to their general masses.”

And

“Help your brother, whether he is an oppressor or he is oppressed.”

And

“The companions whom are considered to be the best by Allaah are those who are best to their companions and the neighbors who are considered best by Allaah, are those who are best to their neighbors.”

What our righteous predecessors said regarding the issue of brotherhood in islam:

Umar ibn al-khattab radiAllahu anhum wa arda said:

Assume the best about your brother until what comes to you from him overcomes you [and you have to change your opinion].

You can never pay back someone who disobeys Allâh in his dealings with you with anything better than obeying Allâh in your dealings with him.

Take righteous brothers [as friends]; acquire them in plenty, for they are a beautification in prosperity and an aid during calamity.

It is reported that Sufyān Al-Thawrī – Allāh have mercy on him – said: There is nothing that corrupts a person or rectifies him more than [his] companion.

It is reported that Yūnus b. ‘Ubayd – Allāh have mercy on him – said: I do not know anything rarer than a good dirham (money earnt lawfully) whose owner spends it on something right, or a brother in Islām in whose company one finds peace. And they are only getting rarer.

It is reported that Imâm Ayyûb [Al-Sakhtiyânî] – Allâh have mercy on him – said, “When I hear of the death of a man from Ahl Al-Sunnah, it is as if I have lost a part of my body.”

It is reported that Imâm Ayyûb [Al-Sakhtiyânî] – Allâh have mercy on him – said, “When I hear of the death of a man from Ahl Al-Sunnah, it is as if I have lost a part of my body.”

It is also reported that Hammâd b. Zayd said, “I was with Ayyûb Al-Sakhtiyânî while he was washing [the body] of Shu’ayb b. Al-Habhâb, saying, ‘Anyone who wishes for the death of a person from Ahl Al-Sunnah has wished for the light of Allâh to be extinguished then he recited;  but Allâh will keep His light complete, even though the unbelievers may hate it.’ [Sûrah Al-Saff: 8]”

It is reported that Sufyân Al-Thawrî – Allâh have mercy on him – said: If you loved a man for Allâh and then he innovates in Islâm and you don’t hate him for it, you never [truly] loved him for Allâh.

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